1899 - 1966
By Rabbi Geoffrey Shisler
There's a famous Hebrew saying, "Al Ta'am Varei'ach Ein Lehivakei'ach"
- You can't argue over taste or smell. This is a very fortunate epithet
in regards to taste in Chazanut and Chazanim. Everyone's an expert and
every Shul-going Jew knows what a good Chazan is.
Whilst not everyone will agree that Moshe Koussevitzky was the finest
Chazan who ever lived (see above!), it's inconceivable that anyone would
say that he wasn't at least, one of the finest.
Moshe is regarded generally as the Chazan's Chazan. He was possessed
of an outstanding, well-trained, tenor voice of extraordinary range and
flexibility and an innate understanding of the art of Chazanut.
Moshe Koussevitzky was born on June 9th 1899 at Smargon in Vilna,
Lithuania and came from a background of Chazanut. He was the oldest of
the four brothers, with Jacob, Simcha
and David and, as is well-known, they
all went on to become famous Chazanim in their own right.
Moshe began his singing career at the age of eight as an alto in the
choir of Chazan Shlepak. Like many artistic people, he could not only
sing, but he was also gifted with his hands and as he grew up he toyed
with the idea of becoming an artist or a sculptor.
Fortunately, however, he accepted a position as Chazan at the Vilna
'Savel's Shul' and in 1927 he auditioned for the plum position in Poland
at the 'Tlomazke Shul' in Warsaw where, against the finest opposition,
he was awarded the post. He took the opportunity to study voice and music,
and throughout his life he always learned Torah.
Being in such an illustrious post, his fame spread around Europe very
rapidly and soon he was travelling to Brussels, Antwerp, Vienna and
London to give concerts.
During the second world war Moshe took his family to Russia and adopted
the name Mikhail Koussevitzky. While he was there he sang in Boris
Goudenov, in Tosca and Rigoletto.
When he returned to Poland he gave a concert at which the ambassadors
of the United Kingdom and the United States were in the audience. As a
result of this concert he obtained visas for both countries and came to
England until 1947, when he travelled to settle in America.
Moshe continued to travel and concertise all over the world and there
will probably be people reading this who will recall his appearance at
the Albert Hall on 13th March 1955.
Fortunately he also made numerous recordings and, even though many of
them were produced on comparatively primitive equipment, it is still
possible to appreciate the exceptional quality of his voice and his
singing on those that have been re-recorded today.
The last post he held was at the famous Temple Beth El in Boro Park,
Brooklyn. He died on August 23rd 1966 and is buried in Jerusalem.
© Copyright Rabbi G. Shisler
Keywords: Moshe Koussevitzky, Moishe Kusevitsky, Kussevitsky, biography.